Costa Rica Birding Tours

Costa Rica Birding Tours

There is simply no better introduction to tropical birding than Costa Rica. Literally dozens of excellent birding areas (Birding Mini Site Guide at he button of this page) all within easy reach and cover 12 major life zones that shelter 800-plus species. On-the-spot lodges let you wake up to the dawn chorus every day. Don’t forget your binoculars! To optimize your experience, we highly recommend a guided group or a private guide. Whether you’re a beginner or an expert, our birding guides are the best in the country .

Itinerary: Birds All Over

Day 1 – Fly into Juan Santamaría International Airport, where we pick you up. Meet your guide and driver, and spend the night in a San Jose hotel.

Day 2– Drive to Cerro de la Muerte for some high-altitude birding. Spend the night at Savegre Lodge in San Gerardo de Dota home of the resplendent Quetzal.

Day 3-A full day of exploring the area. In addition to Quetzals, you may hear the beautiful song of the Black Faced Solitaire, and could see the Scentillant hummingbird, Costa Rica’s smallest bird. Overnight in Savegre Lodge.

Day 4- Drive to Carara Biological Reserve one of the two areas of the country where you can see Scarlet Macaws.

Day 5– With luck, you’ll catch a glimpse of the Black Throated Trogon and the Chestnut Mandibled Toucan during a full day exploring Carara. Spend the night at Villa Lapas, on the banks in of the Tarcoles River.

Day 6– With luck, you’ll catch a glimpse of the Black Throated Trogon and the Chestnut Mandibled Toucan during a full day exploring Carara. Spend the night at Villa Lapas, on the banks in of the Tarcoles river.

Day 7– Leave Villa Lapas and drive to La Ensenada Lodge, in dry tropical forest at the edge of the Golfo de Nicoya. Drive to Palo Verde National Park in one of the most important wetland areas of Central America. The park is home to the country’s largest population of giant Jabirú storks, and to Woodstorks and Yellow Crowned Night Herons. Spend the night at La Ensenada lodge.

Day 8– After breakfast, drive to Selva Verde, a rainforest lodge in the Sarapiqui area. The lodge’s private reserve is a good place to spot the Violaceous Trogon.

Day 9– Birding in the La Selva field and research station, one of the country’s best birding destinations. The forest is alive with colorful mixed flocks of tanagers. You’ll also want to look for the Barred Antstrike. In the afternoon, drive back to San José for a farewell dinner.

Day 10– We take you to Juan Santamaría International Airport, where you catch your flight home.

Itinerary Birds, birds and birds

Day 1– Arrival. Overnight in San Jose area. Residencias de Golf or similar.

Day 2– Breakfast, Travel to Cerro de la Muerte. We will spend the morning
exploring the misty highland cloud forest reserve at the Finca Mirador de
Quetzales, where up to 20 pairs of quetzals have been seen. We will have
lunch and overnight at the Albergue de Montana Savegre , nestled in a quaint
highland valley nearby. Walking through the gardens and along the Savegre
river, we can hope to see Flame-colored Tananger, Collared Trogon, Torrent
Tyrannulet, Volcano hummingbird, and Gray-tailed Mountain Gem, to name a
few. In the evening after a delicious diner, we will go over the birds,
reptiles, mammals, and any other wildlife seen that day. (3 meals)

Day 3– Travel to Jaco Beach  . We will stop along the way to look for
Blue-winged Teals, Least Grebes, Northern Jacanas, Anhingas, and Cormorants.
After lunch at the hotel, we will explore the bird-rich trails through the
forest, and hope to see Scarlet Macaws and Tiger Herons, among many others.
(3 meals)

Day 4–  Spend the next day in the Carara Biological Reserve , a unique
climatological zone where the ecosystem of the humid southern coastal region
joins the dry climate of the northern Pacific area, becoming a rich meeting
ground for species from both regions. This is truly one of the highlights of
the tour, where we hope to find the Orange Collared Manakin dancing in their
lek. This is a great location to spot antbirds, up to four different species
of Trogons, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, and even Royal Flycatchers. In the early
mornings, before entering the reserve, we will visit the nearby bridge
overlooking the Tarcoles River, where Scarlet Macaws fly over daily. Here
you will also be amazed by the gigantic crocodiles basking on the banks of
the river. (3 meals)

Day 5– Breakfast, Travel to Guanacaste INOCENTES LODGE  to explore the
tropical dry forests, marshlands, estuaries, and mangroves, characteristic
to the northern Pacific region. This is an ideal place to see water birds,
raptors, and other species found only in this zone. In the wetlands, we are
likely to see Snail Kites, Wood Storks, Roseate Spoonbills, Boat-billed
Herons, Black-crowned Night-Heron, Limpkins, and several species of
Kingfishers. Walking through the semi-deciduous forest, we are likely to see
Turquoise-browed Motmot, the Long-tailed Manakin, and several species of
Parrots, Orioles, Cuckoos, Trogons, Jays, and Owls. (3 meals)

Day 6– Travel to Monteverde  FINCA VALVERDE HTL. , a mountain community
founded by Quaker dairy farmers. We will stop to birdwatching along the way,
arriving for lunch. In the afternoon, we will visit the Ecological Farm,
where there is a reforestation project, providing the vegetation and trees
that attract and help to sustain local bird populations. Three-wattled
Bellbirds are seen here every year between the months of February and April.
The farm has extensive trails where we will look for White-eared Ground
Sparrow, Prong-billed Barbet, Chiriqui Quail Dove, Rufous-and-white Wren,
among many others. (3 meals)

Day 7– Spend the day in the famous Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve. In years
past, during the Christmas bird count, this was the location where the most
number of bird species were counted in one day. As we walk through the cool,
misty forest we will be surrounded by astounding richness in bio diversity.
As well as being home to the Resplendent Quetzals, the reserve is also
inhabited by other spectacular bird species, such as, Golden-browed
Chlorophonias, Emerald Toucanets, Red-faced Spinetail, and Black Guans.
After lunch, before re-entering the reserve, we will visit the hummingbird
gallery, where up to 7 species of hummingbirds can be seen, including the
Majenta-throated Woodstar and the Green-crowned Brilliant.(3 meals)

Day 8– Travel to the Arenal Observatory Lodge   , which offers breath-taking
views of the thundering Arenal Volcano . It is one of Costa Rica´s active
volcanoes, where we are sure to enjoy some fireworks. Great photo
opportunities! The extensive trails at the lodge allow for tremendous
opportunities to view the Crimson-collared Tananger, White Hawk,
Brown-hooded Parrot, and the Golden-olive Woodpecker, along with an array of
colorful hummingbirds, and three species of Tucans. One night, we will go
owling in search of the Black-and-White Owl, Mottled Owl, and Striped Owl in
the open fields, below the lodge. (3 meals)

Day 9– Travel to El Gavilan Lodge   in the tropical lowlands of Sarapiqui,
birdwatching along the way. After lunch, explore the wildlife-rich riparian
zone along the banks of the Sarapiqui river. This lowland rain forest region
at the base of the Caribbean slope is well-known for hosting the greatest
diversity of tropical flora and fauna in the country. Here the Sunbittern,
Black-faced Grosbeak, and Gray-necked Wood-Rail are a few of the inhabitants
of the area. This is the most likely spot on the trip to see the Great Green
Macaw, an endangered species that depends on the Dipteryx tree for feeding
and nesting. This is one of the emergent trees commonly found in Sarapiqui.
Also lurking in the forest are two- and three-toed sloths, 3 different
species of monkeys, and peccaries. (3 meals)

Day 10 –  Spend a full day in the El Gavilan Lodge. (3 meals)

Day 11– Spend the day at La Selva Biological Station   run by the
Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS), clearly a highlight of the tour.
The station is among the four most famous tropical research facilities in
the world. We will see an outstanding abundance of wildlife. The station is
home to more than 420 bird species, more than 500 species of butterflies, 55
species of snakes, and 120 species of mammals. A vast variety of different
species of trees can be seen in the arboretum. This is the most likely place
to make your tinamou dream come true. There are three species of Tinamou
that inhabit La Selva. We will be looking for Rufous Motmot, Trogons,
Caciques, Purple-throated Fruit Crow, and Snowy Cotinga, among many others.
Animals here are not camar shy, so there will be ample photo opportunities.
Peccaries (wild pigs), agoutis, coatis, sloths, and monkeys frequent the
area. All of which makes for an unforgettable experience. (3 meals)-Overnight at El Gavilan Lodge.

Day 12-En route to Virgen del Socorro, visit the hummingbird gallery at El
Mirador, where at least seven species of hummingbirds can be seen. As we
make our way up between the Braulio Carrillo National Park and the Poas Volcano National Park , we will pass spectacular waterfalls, excellent spots
for viewing the Tropical Parula, the American Dipper, and the Torrent
Tyrannulet. Finally we will walk through the serene river valley called
Virgen del Socorro, where we may be lucky enough to see the Lanceolated
Monklet. We will return to San Jose for a farewell dinner  and an overnight
stay to rest up for departing flights the next day. (3 meals)

Day 13– Breakfast before departing for the airport to return home.

Birding Mini Site Guide

The following lists contain mostly birds that are regularly seen on birding tours (although not all are seen on all tours). A few uncommon species are also included because most tours manage to see several or more uncommon to rare birds during the course of an itinerary. Naturally, the lists aren’t 100% complete but they are very representative.

With a group of fairly good observers, one could reasonably expect over 400 species on a 15— day itinerary that includes five of these areas (keeping in mind that the five must cover different habitats).

Central Valley Habitat

Commonly seen species include: Cattle Egret, Black Vulture, Turkey Vulture, Black-shouldered Kite, Crimson-fronted Parakeet, Red-billed Pigeon, White-tipped Dove, Common Ground-Dove, Inca Dove, Groove-billed Ani, Vaux’s Swift, Rufous-tailed Hummingbird, Blue-and-White Swallow, Gray-breasted Martin, Hoffman’s Woodpecker, Tropical Kingbird, Yellow-bellied Elaenia, Clay-colored Robin, Brown Jay, Montezuma’s Oropendola, Bronzed Cowbird, Great-tailed Grackle, Eastern Meadowlark, Blue-gray Tanager, Grayish Saltator and Rufous-collared Sparrow.

Carara Biological Reserve

Waterbirds or Mangroves – Brown Pelican, Olivaceous Cormorant, Anhinga, Magnificent Frigatebird, Bare-throated Tiger-Heron, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron, Boat-billed Heron, Cattle Egret, Green-backed Heron, Little Blue Heron, Tricolored Heron, Snowy Egret, Great Egret, Great Blue Heron, Wood Stork, White Ibis, Roseat Spoonbill, Black-bellied Whistling Duck, Northern Jacana, Black-necked Stilt, Black-bellied Plover, Semipalmated Plover, Wilson’s Plover, Collared Plover (uncommom), Whimbrel, Greater and Lesser Yellowlegs, Solitary Sandpiper, Willer, Spotted Sandpiper, Ruddy Turnstone, Short-billed Dowitcher, Western Sandpiper (most abundant peep), Semipalmated and Least Sandpiper, Laughing Gull, Royal Tern, Sandwich Tern, Black Skimmer, Scrub Flycatcher, Mangrove Swallow, Mangrove Vireo (uncommon)
Hawks and Owls – Osprey, Gray Hawk, Yellow-headed Caracara, Laughing Falcon, Collared Forest-Falcon, Spectacled Owl, Ferruginous Pygmy Owl (diurnal), Striped Owl
Pigeons and Doves – Short-billed Pigeon, Blue Ground Dove, Ruddy Ground Dove, Gray-chested Dove (Pacific Form), Ruddy Quail-Dove
Parrots – Scarlet Macaw, Mealy, Yellow-naped and Red-lored Parrots, Orange-chinned and Orange-fronted Parakeets.
Hummingbirds – Little Hermit, Long-tailed Hermit, Scaly-breasted Hummingbird, Green-breasted Mango, Blue-throated Goldentail, Beryl-crowned Hummingbird
Swifts – White-collared, Band-rumped, Chestnut-collared (occasionally) Swifts,
Trogons – Violaceous, Black-headed (southern extension), Slaty-tailed, Baird’s (northern extension of a southwest endemic), Black-throated.
Toucans – Fiery-billed Ararcari, Chestnut-mandibled Toucan
Woodcreepers – Plain Xenops, Ruddy, Tawny-winged, Wedge-billed, Barred, Buff-throated, Streak-headed.
Antbirds – Black-faced Antthrush, Spectacled Antpitta, Great Antshrike, Barred Antshrike, Russet Antshrike, Dotted-winged Antwren, Dusky Antbird, Black-hooded Antshrike, Chestnut-backed Antbird.
Cotingas – Masked and Black-crowned Tityra, Yellow-billed and Turquoise Cotingas (somewhat less common) Rufous Piha
Manakins – Blue-crowned, Long-tailed, Orange-collared, Thrushllike
Flycatchers – Scissor-tailed, Boat-billed, Bright-rumped Attila, Streaked, Gray-capped, Social, Great Kiskadee, Great-crested, Dusky-capped, Sulphur-rumped, Royal, Stub-tailed and Golden-crowned Spadebill, Yellow-olive, Common and Slate-headed Tody Flycatchers, Northern Bentbill, Greenish Elaenia, Southern Beardless Tyrannulet
Wrens – Rufous-naped, Banded, Rufous-breasted, Rufous and White, Riverside, Black-bellied, Plain.
Vireos, Warblers- Green Shrike-Vireo, Yellow-Green Vireo, Lesser Greenlet, Yellow-throated Vireo, Tennessee Warbler, Black-and-White Warbler, Yellow Warbler, Prothonotary Warlber (mangroves)
Orioles, Tanagers – Yellow-crowned Euphonia, Spotted-crowned Euphonia, Gray-headed Tanager, Red-legged Honeycreeper, White-shouldered Tanager

Grosbeaks, Buntings and Larger Finches – Buff-throated Saltator, Blue-black Grosbeak, Orange-billed Sparrow, Variable Seedeater.


Land birds of this area include: King Vulture, Gray-headed Kite, American Kestrel (wintering), Roadside Hawk, White-tailed Hawk (uncommon), Zone-tailed Hawk (uncommon), Crested Caracara, Crested Guan, Great Currasow, Spot-bellied Bobwhite, Double-striped Thick-Knee, Common Ground-Dove, White-winged Dove, White-fronted Parrot, Orange-fronted Parakeet, Pacific Screech Owl, Lesser Ground Cuckoo, Steely-vented Hummingbird, Plain-capped Starthroat, Green-breasted Mango, Cinnamon Hummingbird, Black-headed Trogon, Turquoise-browed Motmot, Long-tailed Manakin, Rose-throated Becard, Nutting’s Flycatcher and Brown-crested Flycatcher,Northern Beardless Tyrannulet, White-throated Magpie Jay, White-lored Gnatcatcher, Streak-backed and Spot-breasted Orioles, Scrub Euphonia, Blue Grosbeak, White-collared Seedeater, Stripe-headed Sparrow.

Waterbirds of this area include: The herons mentioned for Carara plus Limpkin and Jabiru. Wintering ducks such as Blue-winged and Green-winged Teal, American Wigeon, Northern Shoveler and Pintail plus resident Black-bellied and Fulvous Whistling-Ducks. Red-winged Blackbirds and Snail Kites are often seen in the marshes.

Specialties of Santa Rosa: A few species reach the southernmost extension of their ranges in northern Guanacaste and are usually fairly easy to see at Santa Rosa National Park. Of particular interest are Elegant Trogon, Ivory-billed Woodcreeper and Olive Sparrow which are not likely to be seen anywhere else on the itinerary.


American Swallow-tailed Kite, Barred Forest-Falcon (very shy, often heard and not seen),Black Guan, Black-breasted Wood-Quail, Band-tailed Pigeon, Red-billed Pigeon, Ruddy Pigeon, Buff-fronted Quail-Dove and Chiriqui Quail Dove (both difficult to see), Bare-shanked Screech-Owl, Mottled Owl (if not windy at night, good possiblities), Green Hermit, Violet Sabrewing, Green Violet-Ear, Stripe-tailed Hummingbird, Coppery-headed Emerald, Purple-throated Mountaingem, Green-crowned Brilliant, Magenta-throated Woodstar (all of which visit feeders at Hummingbird Gallery) and Scintillant Hummingbird (more often seen away from feeders), Green-fronted Lancebill (sometimes seen at waterfall), Resplendent Quetzal, Orange-bellied Trogon, Blue-crowned Motmot, Prong-billed Barbett, Emerald Toucanet, Keel-billed Toucan, Smoky-Brown Woodpecker, Spotted Woodcreeper, Red-faced Spinetail, Spotted Barbtail, Lineated Foliage-Gleaner, Streak-breasted Treehunter, Gray-throated Leaftosser (can be difficult to see), Silver-throated Tapaculo (also difficult to see), Three-wattled Bellbird, Golden-bellied Flycatcher, Dusky-capped Flycatcher (outside the reserve), Olive-sided Flycatcher (wintering), Yellowish Flycatcher, White-throated Spadebill, Eye-ringed Flatbill, Mountain Elaenia, Mistletoe Tyrranulet, Olive-striped Flycatcher, Azure-hooded Jay, Ochraceous Wren, Gray-breasted Wood-Wren, White-throated Robin, Clay-colored Robin, Mountain Robin, Black-faced Solitaire, Wood Thrush (wintering), Black-headed and Slaty-backed Nightingale Thrush, Orange-billed Nightingale Thrush, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Brown-capped Vireo, Black-throated Green Warbler, Wilson’s Warbler, Gray-crowned Yellowthroat (outside reserve), Slate-throated and Collared Redstarts,

Three-striped, Golden-crowned and Rufous-capped Warblers (latter, outside reserve), Zeledonia (difficult to see), Golden-browed Chlorophonia, Blue-hooded Euphonia, Yellow-throated Euphonia (outside reserve), Silver-throated Tanager, Spangled-cheeked Tanager, Scarlet-thighed Dacnis, Common Bush-Tanager, Sooty-capped Bush-Tanager, Black-thighed Grosbeak, (latter two in higher parts of reserve) Yellow-faced Grassquit (outside reserve), Yellow-throated Brush-Finch (outside) , Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch, White-eared Ground-Sparrow (outside).

Osa Peninsula

Coastal and Mangrove Birds: Brown Booby (common), Red-footed Booby (possible), American Oystercatcher, Wandering Tattler (rocky shoreline-uncommon), Yellow-billed Cotinga, Mangrove Cuckoo, Mangrove Hummingbird, Pygmy Kingfisher, Panama Flycatcher. (Note that many of the mangrove species are difficult to see).

Land Birds: Great Tinamou, Common Black Hawk, White Hawk, Great Curassow, Marbled Wood-Quail, Gray-necked Wood-Rail, Pale-vented Pigeon, Gray-fronted Dove, Mealy Parrot, Smooth-billed Ani, Striped Cuckoo, Common Pauraque, Bronzy Hermit, Band-tailed Barbthroat, Long-tailed and Little Hermits, Baird’s Trogon, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, White-whiskered Puffbird, Fiery-billed Aracari, Golden-naped Woodpecker, Red-crowned Woodpecker, Tawny-winged Woodcreeper, Buff-throated Foliage-Gleaner, Striped Foliage-Gleaner, Black-hooded Antshrike, Russet Antshrike, Dot-winged Antwren, Dusky, Chestnut-backed and Bicolored Antbirds, Black-faced Antthrush, Spectacled Antpitta, Red-capped and Blue-crowned Manakin, Piratic Flycatcher, Bright-rumped Attila, Rufous Mourner, Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher, Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher, Golden-crowned Spadebill, Southern Beardless Tyrannulet, Ochre-bellied Flycatcher, Plain Wren, Riverside Wren, House Wren, Whistling Wren, Long-billed Gnatwren, Green Shrike-Vireo, Tawny-crowned Greenlet, Scarlet-rumped and Yellow-billed Caciques, White-vented, Yellow-crowned, Thick-billed and Spotted-crowned Euphonias, Golden-hooded Tanager, Green , Red-legged and Shining Honecreepers, Blue Dacnis, Scarlet-rumped Tanager (endemci sub-species), White-throated Shrike-Tanager, Gray-headed Tanager, Black-striped Sparrow

Cerro de La Muerte – Highland Species

Cerro de la Muerte is excellent for a number of highland species. Areas birded usually include oak forest and highland paramo. If time permits, one of the valleys, specifically, San Gerardo de Dota.

Highland Tinamou, Red-tailed Hawk (uncommon), Black Guan, Spotted Wood-Quail (more easily heard than seen), Sulfur-winged and Barred Parakeet, Bare-shanked Screech-Owl, Dusky Nightjar, White-collared Swift, Fiery-throated Hummingbird, Gray-tailed Mountain-Gem, Magnificent Hummingbird, Scintillant and Volcano Hummingbirds, Resplendent Quetzal, Acorn Woodpecker, Hairy Woodpecker, Spotted-crowned Woodcreeper, Ruddy Treeruner, Buffy Tuftedcheek, Barred Becard (uncommon), Dark Pewee, Ochraceous Pewee (rare and local), Black-capped Flycatcher, Tufted Flycatcher, Silvery-thorated Jay (uncommon to see), Timberline Wren, Sooty Robin, Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush, Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush, Long-tailed and Black & Yellow Silky Flycatchers, Yellow-winged Vireo, Flame-throated and Black-cheeked Warblers, Golden-browed Chlorophonia, Flame-colored Tanager, Sooty-capped Bush-Tanager, Peg-billed Finch (uncommon), Slaty Flowerpiercer, Large-footed Finch, Yellow-thighed Finch, Volcano Junco (highest elevations), Yellow-bellied Siskin.

Braulio Carrillo

Least Pygmy Owl, White-tipped Sicklebill, Brown Violet-Ear (uncommon), Violet-headed Hummingbird, Black-crested Coquette (possible at Braulio and La Virgen), Crowned Woodnymph, Snowcap, Black-bellied Hummingbird, White-bellied Mountain-Gem, Collared Trogon (these last three at middle elevations), Lattice-tailed Trogon, Yellow-eared Toucanet, Golden-olive Woodpecker (middle elevations), Cinnamon Woodpecker, Plain Antvireo, Streaked-crowned Antvireo, Slaty Antwren (middle elevations), Dull-mantled Antbird, Ocellated Antbird (uncommon and local), Black-headed Antthrush (locally common), Black-and-White Becard (uncommon, middle elevations), White-crowned Manakin, White-ruffed Manakin, Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant, Torrent Tyrannulet, Nightingale Wren, Pale-vented Robin, Black-headed Nightingale Thrush (if missed at Monteverde), Tawny-faced Gnatwren, Tropical Parula Warbler, Chestnut-headed Oropendola, Tawny-capped Euphonia, Emerald Tanager, Speckled Tanager, Rufous-winged Tanager (book says fairly common but that is not our experience), Blue-and-Gold Tanager, Tawny-crested Tanager, Black-and-Yellow Tanager, Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager, Slate-colored Grosbeak, Sooty-faced Finch (middle elevations)

La Selva Area

Great, Little and Slaty-breasted TInamous (all easiest at OTS), Double-toothed Kite, Black-chested Hawk (La Virgen or Braulio), Semiplumbeous Hawk (OTS), Great Black Hawk (La Virgen), Short-tailed Hawk,Swainson’s Hawk (migrating flocks), Bat Falcon, Gray-headed Chachalaca, White-throated Crake,Purple Gallinule, Sungrebe (smooth flowing rivers), Sunbittern (fast flowing – often at Selva Verde), Olive-backed Quail-Dove (hard to see), Great Green Macaw (rare), Olive-throated Parakeet, Brown-hooded Parrot, White-crowned Parrot, Squirrel Cuckoo, Striped Cuckoo, Vermiculated Screech Owl, Crested Owl, Black-and-White Owl, Short-tailed Nighthawk, Gray-rumped Swift, Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift, White-necked Jacobin, Green Thorntail (La Virgen), Blue-chested Hummingbird, Long-billed Starthroat, Black-throated Trogon, Ringed, Amazon and Green Kingfishers, Broad-billed and Rufous Motmot, White-necked Puffbird, White-fronted Nunbird, Red-headed Barbet (La Virgen), Collared Aracari, Black-cheeked Woodpecker, Rufous-winged Woodpecker, Chestnut-colored Woodpecker (easier at OTS), Lineated Woodpecker, Pale-billed Woodpecker, Plain-brown Woodcreeper, Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Wedge-billed Woodcreeper, Black-striped Woodcreeper, Slaty Spinetail, Fasciated Antshrike, Slaty Antshrike, Checker-throated Antwren (common but not often seen), Immaculate Antbird (La Virgen), White-winged Becard, Purple-throated Fruitcrow, Red-capped and White-collared Manakin, White-ringed Flycatcher, Tropical Pewee, Yellow-margined Flycatcher, Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher, Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant, Yellow Tyrannulet, Brown-capped Tyrannulet, Slaty-capped Flycatcher (Braulio, La Virgen), Southern Rough-winged Swallow, Band-backed Wren, Plain ( ‘Canebrake’ ) Wren, Striped-breasted Wren, Black-throated Wren, White-breasted Wood-Wren, Nightingale Wren, Song Wren, Tropical Gnatcatcher, Chestnut-sided Warbler, Olive-crowned Yellowthroat, Giant Cowbird, Black-cowled Oriole, Northern Oriole, White-vented Euphonia, Olive-backed Euphonia, Bay-headed Tanager, Blue Dacnis, Palm, Crimson-collared and Olive Tanagers, Red-throated Ant-Tanager, White-lined, Tawny-crested and Dusky-faced Tanagers, Black-headed Saltator, Black-faced Grosbeak, Pink-billed Seed-Finch (uncommon), Thick-billed Seed-Finch, Blue-black Grassquit